Atlanta Gynecology & Obstetrics, OB/GYN Physicians logo for print

Decatur: 404-299-9724 | 315 Winn Way, Decatur, GA 30030
Gwinnett: 770-923-5033 | 449 Pleasant Hill Road, Suite 200, Lilburn, GA 30047
After Hours/Emergency: 404-487-2450
Decatur: 404-299-9724 | 315 Winn Way, Decatur, GA 30030
Gwinnett: 770-923-5033 | 449 Pleasant Hill Road, Suite 200, Lilburn, GA 30047
After Hours/Emergency: 404-487-2450

What to Expect from Your Prenatal Visits

First Trimester (until 13 weeks)

After your pregnancy has been confirmed and an ultrasound has confirmed a viable fetus, you can start your prenatal care. The goal of prenatal care is to ensure the birth of a healthy baby with minimal risk for the mother.

The First Prenatal Care Visit is used to achieve this goal by:

  • Confirming the proper gestational age of the fetus. This is important with regard to timed tests that occur during the pregnancy and monitoring proper fetal growth.
  • Identifying risk factors that may affect your pregnancy.
  • Providing a time for patient education and communication with your OB provider.

A Thorough Patient History

This will include personal information and information about your past obstetrical, gynecological, medical and surgical history. A family history will identify risks for genetic disease.

A Thorough Physical Exam

This will allow your doctor to evaluate the size of your uterus and the adequacy of your pelvis. Weight, blood pressure, and urine are checked and recorded. A body mass index is calculated to determine the proper amount of weight gain during the pregnancy and to help identify at risk populations

Standard Prenatal Laboratory Tests

  • Maternal Blood Type and Antibody Screen
    • Women with Rh negative blood will most often require Anti-D immunoglobin (Rhogam).
    • This will decrease any risk to her fetus if it has a different type of blood.
    • Women may have certain antibodies in the blood stream that may pose significant risk to the fetus.
  • Blood Count: May identify certain types of anemia.
  • Pap Smear in women 21 years old and older.
  • Rubella Immunity Testing
    • If women are found to be non-immune, they are counseled to receive Rubella immunization postpartum.
  • HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B, Gonorrhea and Chlamydia testing: To prevent prenatal transmission of these infections.
  • Urine Culture
    • Urinary Tract Infections and asymptomatic bacteria in the urine pose a high risk for developing kidney infections (pyelonephritis) which can increase the risk for preterm labor.
  • Early Gestational Diabetes Testing for women who are at high risk.
  • Varicella Testing (Chicken Pox): In women who are unsure about their past exposure.
  • Other Genetic Disease Screenings: May be offered for women in high risk populations.
  • Sickle Cell Disease (African-Americans): 1:8 African-Americans carry the sickle cell trait.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: 1:11 Caucasians carry the Cystic Fibrosis gene.
  • Tay-Sachs Disease: At risk populations such as people of Eastern European Jewish descent.